Peer-reviewed articles

GRUAN-related articles published in scientific journals


  • Vaquero-Martínez 2019:Vaquero-Martínez, J., Antón, M., Ortiz de Galisteo, J. P., Román, R., Cachorro, V. E., and Mateos, D.: Comparison of integrated water vapor from GNSS and radiosounding at four GRUAN stations, Science of the Total Environment, 648 (2019) 1639–1648, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.192


  • Bobryshev 2018: Bobryshev, O., S. A. Buehler, V. O. John, M. Brath, and H. Brogniez (2018), Is there really a closure gap between 183.31 GHz satellite passive microwave and in-situ radiosonde water vapor measurements?, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote, 56(5), 2904–2910, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2017.2786548.
  • Borger 2018: Borger, C., Schneider, M., Ertl, B., Hase, F., García, O. E., Sommer, M., Höpfner, M., Tjemkes, S. A., and Calbet, X.: Evaluation of MUSICA IASI tropospheric water vapour profiles using theoretical error assessments and comparisons to GRUAN Vaisala RS92 measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 4981–5006, 2018,  doi: 10.5194/amt-11-4981-2018
  • Brunamonti 2018: Brunamonti, S., Jorge, T., Oelsner, P., Hanumanthu, S., Singh, B. B., Kumar, K. R., Sonbawne, S., Meier, S., Singh, D., Wienhold, F. G., Luo, B. P., Böttcher, M., Poltera, Y., Jauhiainen, H., Kayastha, R., Dirksen, R., Naja, M., Rex, M., Fadnavis, S., and Peter, T.: Balloon-borne measurements of temperature, water vapor, ozone and aerosol backscatter at the southern slopes of the Himalayas during StratoClim 2016-2017, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., doi: 10.5194/acp-2018-222, in review, 2018.
  • Carminati 2018: Carminati, F., Migliorini, S., Ingleby, B., Bell, W., Lawrence, H., Newman, S., Hocking, J., and Smith, A.: Using reference radiosondes to characterise NWP model uncertainty for improved satellite calibration and validation, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,, in review, 2018.
  • Finazzi 2018: Finazzi F., Fassò A., Madonna F., Negri I., Sun B., and Rosoldi M.: Statistical harmonization and uncertainty assessment in the comparison of satellite and radiosonde climate variables, Environmetrics, On line first, 1-17, doi: 10.1002/env.2528
  • Gierens 2018: Gierens, K., Eleftheratos, K., and Sausen, R.: Intercalibration between HIRS/2 and HIRS/3 channel 12 based on physical considerations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 939–948, 2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-939-2018
  • Gilpin 2018: Gilpin, S., Rieckh, T., and Anthes, R.: Reducing representativeness and sampling errors in radio occultation–radiosonde comparisons, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 2567–2582, 2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-2567-2018
  • Gozlan 2018: Kobi Gozlan, Yuval Reuveni, Kfir Cohen, Boaz Ben-Moshe and Eyal Berliner (June 20th 2018). Cost-Effective Platforms for Near-Space Research and Experiments, Space Flight George Dekoulis, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72168. Available from:
  • Hicks-Jalali 2018: Hicks-Jalali, S., Sica, R. J., Haefele, A., and Martucci, G.: Calibration of a Water Vapour Lidar using a Radiosonde Trajectory Method, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,, in review, 2018.
  • Kremser 2018: Kremser, S., Tradowsky, J. S., Rust, H. W., and Bodeker, G. E.: Is it feasible to estimate radiosonde biases from interlaced measurements?, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 3021-3029, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-3021-2018, 2018.
  • Nalli 2018: Nalli, Nicholas R.; Gambacorta, Antonia; Liu, Quanhua; Barnet, Christopher D.; Tan, Changyi; Iturbide-Sanchez, Flavio; Reale, Tony; Sun, Bomin; Wilson, Michael; Borg, Lori; Morris, Vernon R.
  • Pisoft 2018: Pisoft, P., Sacha, P., Miksovsky, J., Huszar, P., Scherllin-Pirscher, B., and Foelsche, U.: Revisiting internal gravity waves analysis  using GPS RO density profiles: comparison with temperature profiles and application for wave field stability study, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 515–527,  2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-515-2018
  • Rieckh 2018: Rieckh, T., Anthes, R., Randel, W., Ho, S-P., and Foelsche, U.: Evaluating tropospheric humidity from GPS radio occultation, radiosonde, and AIRS from high-resolution time series, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 3091-3109, 2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-3091-2018
  • Tradowsky 2018: Tradowsky, J. S., Bodeker, G. E., Querel, R. R., Builtjes, P. J. H., and Fischer, J.: Combining Data from the Distributed GRUAN Site Lauder-Invercargill, New Zealand, to Provide a Site Atmospheric State Best Estimate of Temperature, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., doi: 10.5194/essd-2018-20, in review, 2018.
  • Weaver 2018: Weaver, D., Strong, K., Walker, K. A., Sioris, C., Schneider, M., McElroy, C. T., Vömel, H., Sommer, M., Weigel, K., Rozanov, A., Burrows, J. P., Read, W. G., Fishbein, E., and Stiller, G.: Comparison of ground-based and satellite measurements of water vapour vertical profiles over Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi: 0.5194/amt-2018-267, in review, 2018.


  • Calbet 2017: Calbet, X., Peinado-Galan, N., Rípodas, P., Trent, T., Dirksen, R., and Sommer, M.: Consistency between GRUAN sondes, LBLRTM and IASI, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2323-2335, doi: 10.5194/amt-10-2323-2017
  • Kawai 2017: Kawai, Y., Katsumata, M., Oshima, K., Hori, M. E., and Inoue, J.: Comparison of Vaisala radiosondes RS41 and RS92 launched over the oceans from the Arctic to the tropics, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2485-2498, doi: 10.5194/amt-10-2485-2017
  • Kayser 2017: Kayser, M. , Maturilli, M. , Graham, R. M. , Hudson, S. R. , Rinke, A. , Cohen, L. , Kim, J. H. , Park, S. J. , Moon, W. and Granskog, M. A. (2017): Vertical thermodynamic structure of the troposphere during the Norwegian young sea ICE expedition , Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres . doi: 10.1002/2016JD026089
  • Pincus 2017: Pincus, R., Beljasrs, A., Buehler, S. A., Kirchengast, G., Ladstaedter, F., and Whitaker, J. S.: The Representation of Tropospheric Water Vapor Over Low-Latitude Oceans in (Re-)analysis: Errors, Impacts, and the Ability to Exploit Current and Prospective Observations, Surv Geophys (2017) 38:1399–1423, doi: 10.1007/s10712-017-9437-z
  • Sun 2017: B. Sun, A. Reale, F. H. Tilley, M. E. Pettey, N. R. Nalli and C. D. Barnet, "Assessment of NUCAPS S-NPP CrIS/ATMS Sounding Products Using Reference and Conventional Radiosonde Observations," in IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 2499-2509, June 2017., doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2670504
  • Weatherhead 2017: Weatherhead, E.C., G.E. Bodeker, A. Fassò, K. Chang, J.K. Lazo, C.T. Clack, D.F. Hurst, B. Hassler, J.M. English, and S. Yorgun, 2017: Spatial Coverage of Monitoring Networks: A Climate Observing System Simulation Experiment. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 56, 3211–3228, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0040.1
  • Weaver 2017: Weaver, D., Strong, K., Schneider, M., Row, P. M., Sioris, C., Walker, K. A., Mariani, Z., Uttal, T., McElroy, C. T., Vömel, H., Spassiani, A., and Drummond, J. R.: Intercomparison of atmospheric water vapour measurements at a Canadian High Arctic site, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2851–2880, 2017, doi: 10.5194/amt-10-2851-2017


  • Bodeker 2016: G. E. Bodeker, S. Bojinski, D. Cimini, R. J. Dirksen, M. Haeffelin, J. W. Hannigan, D. F. Hurst, T. Leblanc, F. Madonna, M. Maturilli, A. C. Mikalsen, R. Philipona, T. Reale, D. J. Seidel, D. G. H. Tan, P. W. Thorne, H. Vömel, and J. Wang: Reference Upper-Air Observations for Climate: From Concept to Reality. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 123–135; doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00072.1
  • Ghysels 2016:Ghysels, M., Riviere, E. D., Khaykin, S., Stoeffler, C., Amarouche, N., Pommereau, J.-P., Held, G., and Durry, G.: Intercomparison of in situ water vapor balloon-borne measurements from Pico-SDLA H2O and FLASH-B in the tropical UTLS, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 1207-1219,, 2016.
  • Hall 2016: Hall, E. G., Jordan, A. F., Hurst, D. F., Oltmans, S. J., Vömel, H., Kühnreich, B., and Ebert, V.: Advancements, measurement uncertainties, and recent comparisons of the NOAA frost point hygrometer, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4295-4310, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4295-2016
  • Hurst 2016: Hurst, D. F., Read, W. G., Vömel, H., Selkirk, H. B., Rosenlof, K. H., Davis, S. M., Hall, E. G., Jordan, A. F., and Oltmans, S. J.: Recent divergences in stratospheric water vapor measurements by frost point hygrometers and the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4447-4457, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4447-2016
  • Jensen 2016: Jensen, M. P., Holdridge, D. J., Survo, P., Lehtinen, R., Baxter, S., Toto, T., and Johnson, K. L.: Comparison of Vaisala radiosondes RS41 and RS92 at the ARM Southern Great Plains site, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 3115-3129, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3115-2016
  • Kräuchi 2016: Kräuchi, A., Philipona, R., Romanens, G., Hurst, D. F., Hall, E. G., and Jordan, A. F.: Controlled weather balloon ascents and descents for atmospheric research and climate monitoring, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 929-938, doi:10.5194/amt-9-929-2016
  • Kuik 2016: Kuik, F., Lauer, A., Churkina, G., Denier van der Gon, H. A. C., Fenner, D., Mar, K. A., and Butler, T. M.: Air quality modelling in the Berlin–Brandenburg region using WRF-Chem v3.7.1: sensitivity to resolution of model grid and input data, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 4339–4363, 2016, doi: 10.5194/gmd-9-4339-2016
  • Lee 2016: Lee, S. , Kim, J. C., Choi, B. I., Woo, S. , So, J. W., Yang, S. G. and Kim, Y. (2016), Development of a double cap on the humidity sensor in radiosondes for improving ventilation. Met. Apps, 23: 35-39. doi:10.1002/met.1517
  • Maturilli 2016: Maturilli, M. & Kayser, M.: Arctic warming, moisture increase and circulation changes observed in the Ny-Ålesund homogenized radiosonde record, Theor Appl Climatol (2016), doi:10.1007/s00704-016-1864-0
  • Nalli 2016: Nalli, N.R., C.D. Barnet, T. Reale, Q. Liu, V.R. Morris, J.R. Spackman, E. Joseph, C. Tan, B. Sun, F. Tilley, L.R. Leung, and D. Wolfe, 2016: Satellite Sounder Observations of Contrasting Tropospheric Moisture Transport Regimes: Saharan Air Layers, Hadley Cells, and Atmospheric Rivers. J. Hydrometeor., 17, 2997–3006,
  • Ning 2016: Ning, T., Wang, J., Elgered, G., Dick, G., Wickert, J., Bradke, M., Sommer, M., Querel, R., and Smale, D.: The uncertainty of the atmospheric integrated water vapour estimated from GNSS observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 79-92, doi:10.5194/amt-9-79-2016
  • Noh 2016: Noh, Y.-C.; Sohn, B.-J.; Kim, Y.; Joo, S.; Bell, W. Evaluation of Temperature and Humidity Profiles of Unified Model and ECMWF Analyses Using GRUAN Radiosonde Observations. Atmosphere2016, 7, 94, doi: 10.3390/atmos7070094
  • Trickl 2016: Trickl, T., Vogelmann, H., Fix, A., Schäfler, A., Wirth, M., Calpini, B., Levrat, G., Romanens, G., Apituley, A., Wilson, K. M., Begbie, R., Reichardt, J., Vömel, H., and Sprenger, M.: How stratospheric are deep stratospheric intrusions? LUAMI 2008, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 8791-8815,, 2016.
  • Vömel 2016: Vömel, H., Naebert, T., Dirksen, R., and Sommer, M.: An update on the uncertainties of water vapor measurements using cryogenic frost point hygrometers, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 3755-3768, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3755-2016


  • Antón 2015:Antón, M., Loyola, D., Román, R., and Vömel, H.: Validation of GOME-2/MetOp-A total water vapour column using reference radiosonde data from the GRUAN network, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 1135-1145, doi: 10.5194/amt-8-1135-2015
  • Bodeker 2015: Bodeker, G. E. and Kremser, S. (2015): Techniques for analyses of trends in GRUAN data, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 7, 11957-11989, doi:10.5194/amt-8-1673-2015
  • Butterfield 2015: Butterfield, D. and Gardiner, T. (2015): Determining the temporal variability in atmospheric temperature profiles measured using radiosondes and assessment of correction factors for different launch schedules, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 463-470, doi:10.5194/amt-8-463-2015
  • Dionisi 2016:Dionisi, D., Keckhut, P., Courcoux, Y., Hauchecorne, A., Porteneuve, J., Baray, J. L., Leclair de Bellevue, J., Vérèmes, H., Gabarrot, F., Payen, G., Decoupes, R., and Cammas, J. P.: Water vapor observations up to the lower stratosphere through the Raman lidar during the Maïdo Lidar Calibration Campaign, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 1425-1445,, 2015.
  • Keckhut 2016: Keckhut, Philippe; Courcoux, Yann; Baray, Jean-Luc; Porteneuve, Jacques; Vérèmes, Hélène; Hauchecorne, Alain; Dionisi, Davide; Posny, Françoise; Cammas, Jean-Pierre; Payen, Guillaume; Gabarrot, Franck; Evan, Stephanie; Khaykin, Sergey; Rüfenacht, Rolf; Tschanz, Brigitte; Kämpfer, Niklaus; Ricaud, Philippe; Abchiche, Abdel; Leclair-de-Bellevue, Jimmy und Duflot, Valentin (2015). Introduction to the Maïdo Lidar Calibration Campaign dedicated to the validation of upper air meteorological parameters. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 9(1), 094099. Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.9.094099
  • Kreher 2015: Kreher, K., Bodeker, G. E., and Sigmond, M.: An objective determination of optimal site locations for detecting expected trends in upper-air temperature and total column ozone, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 7653-7665, doi: 10.5194/acp-15-7653-2015
  • Ladstädter 2015:Ladstädter, F., Steiner, A. K., Schwärz, M., and Kirchengast, G.: Climate intercomparison of GPS radio occultation, RS90/92 radiosondes and GRUAN from 2002 to 2013, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 1819-1834, doi: 10.5194/amt-8-1819-2015
  • Yu 2015: Hungjui Yu, Paul E. Ciesielski, Junhong Wang, Hung-Chi Kuo, Holger Vömel, and Ruud Dirksen, 2015: Evaluation of humidity correction methods for Vaisala RS92 tropical sounding data, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.,doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00166.1


  • Ciesielski 2014: Paul E. Ciesielski, Hungjui Yu, Richard H. Johnson, Kunio Yoneyama, Masaki Katsumata, Charles N. Long, Junhong Wang, Scot M. Loehrer, Kathryn Young, Steven F. Williams, William Brown, John Braun, and Teresa Van Hove, 2014: Quality-Controlled Upper-Air Sounding Dataset for DYNAMO/CINDY/AMIE: Development and Corrections. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31, 741–764, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00165.1
  • Dirksen 2014: Dirksen, R. J., Sommer, M., Immler, F. J., Hurst, D. F., Kivi, R., and Vömel, H. (2014): Reference quality upper-air measurements: GRUAN data processing for the Vaisala RS92 radiosonde, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4463-4490, doi:10.5194/amt-7-4463-2014
  • Fassò 2014: Fassò, A, Ignaccolo, R, Madonna, F, Demoz, B. and Franco-Villoria M. (2014) Statistical modelling of collocation uncertainty in atmospheric thermodynamic profiles, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 1803–1816, doi:10.5194/amt-7-1803-2014
  • Ignaccolo 2014: Ignaccolo R., Franco-Villora M., Fassò A. (2014) Modelling collocation uncertainty of 3D atmospheric profiles. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment. On-line first. doi: 10.1007/s00477-014-0890-7
  • Madonna 2014: Madonna, F., Rosoldi, M., Güldner, J., Haefele, A., Kivi, R., Cadeddu, M. P., Sisterson, D., and Pappalardo, G., Quantifying the value of redundant measurements at GCOS Reference Upper-Air Network sites, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 2014, 7, 3813-3823, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3813-2014


  • Baray 2013:Baray, J.-L., Courcoux, Y., Keckhut, P., Portafaix, T., Tulet, P., Cammas, J.-P., Hauchecorne, A., Godin Beekmann, S., De Mazière, M., Hermans, C., Desmet, F., Sellegri, K., Colomb, A., Ramonet, M., Sciare, J., Vuillemin, C., Hoareau, C., Dionisi, D., Duflot, V., Vérèmes, H., Porteneuve, J., Gabarrot, F., Gaudo, T., Metzger, J.-M., Payen, G., Leclair de Bellevue, J., Barthe, C., Posny, F., Ricaud, P., Abchiche, A., and Delmas, R.: Maïdo observatory: a new high-altitude station facility at Reunion Island (21° S, 55° E) for long-term atmospheric remote sensing and in situ measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 2865-2877, doi: 10.5194/amt-6-2865-2013
  • Brocard 2013:Brocard, E., Philipona, R., Haefele, A., Romanens, G., Mueller, A., Ruffieux, D., Simeonov, V., and Calpini, B.: Raman Lidar for Meteorological Observations, RALMO – Part 2: Validation of water vapor measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 1347-1358, doi: 10.5194/amt-6-1347-2013
  • Brocard 2013: Brocard, E., P. Jeannet, M. Begert, G. Levrat, R. Philipona, G. Romanens, and S. C. Scherrer (2013): Upper air temperature trends above Switzerland 1959–2011, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 4303–4317, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50438
  • Gardiner 2013: T. Gardiner, F. Madonna, J. Wang, D. N. Whiteman, J. Dykema, A. Fassò, P. W. Thorne, and G. Bodeker (2013): Sampling and measurement issues in establishing a climate reference upper air network. AIP Conf. Proc. 1552, pp. 1066-1071; doi:10.1063/1.4821422
  • Nalli 2013: Nalli, N. R., et al. (2013), Validation of satellite sounder environmental data records: Application to the Cross‐track Infrared Microwave Sounder Suite, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 13,628–13,643, doi: 10.1002/2013JD020436 .
  • Philipona 2013: Philipona, R., A. Kräuchi, G. Romanens, G. Levrat, R. Ruppert, E. Brocard, P. Jeannet, D. Ruffieux, and B. Calpini (2013), Solar and thermal radiation errors on upper-air radiosonde temperature measurements, J. of Atmos. and Oceanic Tech., 30, 2382-2393, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00047.
  • Thorne 2013: P. W. Thorne, H. Vömel, G. Bodeker, M. Sommer, A. Apituley, F. Berger, S. Bojinski, G. Braathen, B. Calpini, B. Demoz, H. J. Diamond, J. Dykema,A. Fassò, M. Fujiwara, T. Gardiner, et al. (2013): GCOS reference upper air network (GRUAN): Steps towards assuring future climate records. AIP Conf. Proc. 1552, pp. 1042-1047; doi:10.1063/1.4821421
  • Wang 2013: Wang, Junhong, Liangying Zhang, Aiguo Dai, Franz Immler, Michael Sommer, Holger Vömel, 2013: Radiation Dry Bias Correction of Vaisala RS92 Humidity Data and Its Impacts on Historical Radiosonde Data. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 30, 197–214., doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00113.1


  • Kobayashi 2012: Kobayashi, E., Y. Noto, S. Wakino, H. Yoshii, T. Ohyoshi, S. Saito, and Y. Baba, 2012: Comparison of Meisei RS2-91 rawinsondes and Vaisala RS92-SGP radiosondes at Tateno for the data continuity for climatic data analysis. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 90, 923-945, doi: 10.2151/jmsj.2012-605
  • Philipona 2012: Philipona, R., A. Kräuchi, and E. Brocard, Solar and thermal radiation profiles and radiative forcing measured through the atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012, 39, L13806, doi:10.1029/2012GL052087
  • Reichardt 2012: Jens Reichardt, Ulla Wandinger, Volker Klein, Ina Mattis, Bernhard Hilber, and Robert Begbie, "RAMSES: German Meteorological Service autonomous Raman lidar for water vapor, temperature, aerosol, and cloud measurements," Appl. Opt. 51, 8111-8131 (2012); doi: 10.1364/AO.51.008111
  • Whiteman 2012:Whiteman, D. N., Cadirola, M., Venable, D., Calhoun, M., Miloshevich, L., Vermeesch, K., Twigg, L., Dirisu, A., Hurst, D., Hall, E., Jordan, A., and Vömel, H.: Correction technique for Raman water vapor lidar signal-dependent bias and suitability for water vapor trend monitoring in the upper troposphere, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 2893-2916,, 2012.


  • Madonna 2011:Madonna, F., Amodeo, A., Boselli, A., Cornacchia, C., Cuomo, V., D'Amico, G., Giunta, A., Mona, L., and Pappalardo, G.: CIAO: the CNR-IMAA advanced observatory for atmospheric research, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 1191-1208,
  • Seidel 2011: Seidel, D. J., B. Sun, M. Pettey, and A. Reale (2011), Global radiosonde balloon drift statistics, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D07102, doi:10.1029/2010JD014891
  • Whiteman 2011: Whiteman, D. N., K. C. Vermeesch, L. D. Oman, and E. C. Weatherhead (2011), The relative importance of random error and observation frequency in detecting trends in upper tropospheric water vapor, J.Geophys. Res., 116, D21118, doi:10.1029/2011JD016610


  • Immler 2010: Immler, F. J.; Dykema, J.; Gardiner, T.; Whiteman, D. N.; Thorne, P. W. and Vömel, H., Reference Quality Upper-Air Measurements: guidance for developing GRUAN data products. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2010, 3, 1217–1231, doi:10.5194/amt-3-1217-2010
  • Shimizu 2010: Shimizu, K. and Hasebe, F.: Fast-response high-resolution temperature sonde aimed at contamination-free profile observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 3, 3293-3317, doi:10.5194/amt-3-1673-2010


  • Boers 2009: Boers, R., and E. van Meijgaard (2009), What are the demands on an observational program to detect trends in upper tropospheric water vapor anticipated in the 21st century?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L19806, doi:10.1029/2009GL040044
  • Seidel 2009: Seidel, D. J.; Berger, F. H.; Diamond, H. J.; Dykema, J.; Goodrich, D.; Immler, F.; Murray, W.; Peterson, T.; Sisterson, D.; Sommer, M.; Thorne, P.; Vömel, H. & Wang, J., Reference Upper-Air Observations for Climate: Rationale, Progress, and Plans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2009, 90, 361–369, doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2540.1