The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Reference Upper-Air Network (GRUAN) is an international reference observing network of sites measuring essential climate variables above Earth's surface, designed to fill an important gap in the current global observing system. GRUAN measurements are providing long-term, high-quality climate data records from the surface, through the troposphere, and into the stratosphere. These are being used to determine trends, constrain and calibrate data from more spatially‐comprehensive observing systems (including satellites and current radiosonde networks), and provide appropriate data for studying atmospheric processes. GRUAN is envisaged as a global network of eventually 30-40 sites that, to the extent possible, builds on existing observational networks and capabilities.
This video provides an excellent overview of the goals and principles of GRUAN and its relation to the current challenges in climate research. You can find this and other public outreach material here.
GRUAN is envisaged as a global network of eventually 30-40 measurement sites. To the extent possible, it builds on existing observational networks and capabilities. As at November 2022, GRUAN comprises of 31 sites, 14 of which have been GRUAN certified.
A comprehensive volume of measurement data has been collected by GRUAN since 2008. The archive includes raw data and related meta-data. For the Vaisala RS41 & RS92 and the Meisei iMS-100 & RS-11G radiosondes, GRUAN Data Products (GDP) have been fully implemented and certified. Further GDPs are in certification process or under development.
RS paper Rannat et al. 2023 published
AMT paper Faber et al. 2023 published
Axioms paper Fassò et al. 2023 published
GRUAN Technical Note 14 published
ICM-15: 11 - 15 March 2024 in Bern, Switzerland
GCOS-253 - GRUAN Implementation Plan 2024-2030 published
Document Data product
RS41 GRUAN Technical Document 8 (GRUAN-TD-8) published
ICM-15 mid-March 2024 in Switzerland
AMT paper Trent et al. 2023 published
RS paper Wee et al. 2022 published