Peer-reviewed articles

GRUAN-related articles published in scientific journals


  • Jorge 2021: Jorge, T., Brunamonti, S., Poltera, Y., Wienhold, F. G., Luo, B. P., Oelsner, P., Hanumanthu, S., Singh, B. B., Körner, S., Dirksen, R., Naja, M., Fadnavis, S., and Peter, T.: Understanding balloon-borne frost point hygrometer measurements after contamination by mixed-phase clouds, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 239–268,, 2021.


  • Becker 2020: Becker, R., Maturilli, M., Philipona, R. et al. In situ sounding of radiative flux profiles through the Arctic lower troposphere. Bull. of Atmos. Sci.& Technol. (2020).
  • Dirksen 2020: Dirksen, R. J., Bodeker, G. E., Thorne, P. W., Merlone, A., Reale, T., Wang, J., Hurst, D. F., Demoz, B. B., Gardiner, T. D., Ingleby, B., Sommer, M., von Rohden, C., and Leblanc, T.: Managing the transition from Vaisala RS92 to RS41 radiosondes within the Global Climate Observing System Reference Upper-Air Network (GRUAN): a progress report, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 9, 337–355,, 2020.
  • Dupont 2020: Dupont, J., M. Haeffelin, J. Badosa, G. Clain, C. Raux, and D. Vignelles, 2020: Characterization and Corrections of Relative Humidity Measurement from Meteomodem M10 Radiosondes at Midlatitude Stations. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 37, 857–871,
  • Evan 2020: Evan, S., Brioude, J., Rosenlof, K., Davis, S. M., Vömel, H., Héron, D., Posny, F., Metzger, J.-M., Duflot, V., Payen, G., Vérèmes, H., Keckhut, P., and Cammas, J.-P.: Effect of deep convection on the tropical tropopause layer composition over the southwest Indian Ocean during austral summer, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 10565–10586,, 2020.
  • Fassò 2020: Fassò, A., Sommer, M., and von Rohden, C.: Interpolation uncertainty of atmospheric temperature profiles, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 6445–6458,, 2020.
  • Gierens 2020: Gierens, Klaus; Wilhelm, Lena; Sommer, Michael; Weaver, Dan, 2020: On ice supersaturation over the Arctic.Meteorologische Zeitschrift (2020),
  • Graf 2020: Graf, M., Scheidegger, P., Kupferschmid, A., Looser, H., Peter, T., Dirksen, R., Emmenegger, L., and Tuzson, B.: Compact and Lightweight Mid-IR Laser Spectrometer for Balloon-borne Water Vapor Measurements in the UTLS, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,, in review, 2020.
  • Hanumanthu 2020: Hanumanthu, S., Vogel, B., Müller, R., Brunamonti, S., Fadnavis, S., Li, D., Ölsner, P., Naja, M., Singh, B. B., Kumar, K. R., Sonbawne, S., Jauhiainen, H., Vömel, H., Luo, B., Jorge, T., Wienhold, F. G., Dirkson, R., and Peter, T.: Strong day-to-day variability of the Asian Tropopause Aerosol Layer (ATAL) in August 2016 at the Himalayan foothills, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 14273–14302,, 2020.
  • Héron 2020: Héron, D., Evan, S., Brioude, J., Rosenlof, K., Posny, F., Metzger, J.-M., and Cammas, J.-P.: Impact of convection on the upper-tropospheric composition (water vapor and ozone) over a subtropical site (Réunion island; 21.1° S, 55.5° E) in the Indian Ocean, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 8611–8626,, 2020.
  • Madonna 2020: Madonna, F., Kivi, R., Dupont, J.-C., Ingleby, B., Fujiwara, M., Romanens, G., Hernandez, M., Calbet, X., Rosoldi, M., Giunta, A., Karppinen, T., Iwabuchi, M., Hoshino, S., von Rohden, C., and Thorne, P. W.: Use of automatic radiosonde launchers to measure temperature and humidity profiles from the GRUAN perspective, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 3621–3649,, 2020.
  • Madonna 2020: Madonna, F., Tramutola, E., Sy, S., Serva, F., Proto, M., Rosoldi, M., Gagliardi, S., Amato, F., Marra, F., Fassò, A., Gardiner, T., and Thorne, P. W.: Radiosounding HARMonization (RHARM): a new homogenized dataset of radiosounding temperature, humidity and wind profiles with uncertainty, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,, in review, 2020.
  • Madonna 2020: Madonna, F.: Can Reference radiosounding measurements be used to improve historical time series? Il Nuovo Cimento C, Italian Physical Society, 2020, 10.1393/ncc/i2020-20121-5.
  • Newman 2020: Stuart Newman, Fabien Carminati, Heather Lawrence, Niels Bormann, Kirsti Salonen and William Bell. Assessment of New Satellite Missions within the Framework of Numerical Weather Prediction. Remote Sens. 2020, 12(10), 1580; doi: 10.3390/rs12101580
  • Philipona 2020: Philipona, Rolf & Kräuchi, Andreas & Kivi, Rigel & Peter, Thomas & Wild, Martin & Dirksen, Ruud & Fujiwara, Masatomo & Sekiguchi, Miho & Hurst, Dale F & Becker, Ralf. (2020). Balloon-borne radiation measurements demonstrate radiative forcing by water vapor and clouds. Meteorologische Zeitschrift. 29. 10.1127/metz/2020/1044.
  • Steiner 2020: Steiner, A. K., and Coauthors, 2020: Observed Temperature Changes in the Troposphere and Stratosphere from 1979 to 2018. J. Climate, 33, 8165–8194,
  • Sy 2020: SY, S, Madonna, F, Rosoldi, M, et al. Sensitivity of trends to estimation methods and quantification of subsampling effects in global radiosounding temperature and humidity time series. Int J Climatol. 2020; 1– 23.


  • Brunamonti 2019:Brunamonti, S., Füzér, L., Jorge, T., Poltera, Y., Oelsner, P., Meier, S., et al. ( 2019). Water vapor in the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone: Comparison of balloon‐borne measurements and ECMWF data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 70537068.
  • Carminati 2019: Carminati, F., Migliorini, S., Ingleby, B., Bell, W., Lawrence, H., Newman, S., Hocking, J., and Smith, A.: Using reference radiosondes to characterise NWP model uncertainty for improved satellite calibration and validation, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 83-106,, 2019.
  • Ferreira 2019: Ferreira, A. P., Nieto, R., and Gimeno, L.: Completeness of radiosonde humidity observations based on the Integrated Global Radiosonde Archive, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 11, 603-627,, 2019.
  • Hicks-Jalali 2019: Hicks-Jalali, S., Sica, R. J., Haefele, A., and Martucci, G.: Calibration of a water vapour Raman lidar using GRUAN-certified radiosondes and a new trajectory method, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 3699-3716,
  • Jalali 2019:  Jalali, A., Hicks-Jalali, S., Sica1, R.J., Haefele, A., and von Clarmann, T. (2019). A practical information-centered technique to remove a prioriinformation from lidar optimal-estimation-method retrievals. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 3943–3961, 2019.

  • Kobayashi 2019:Kobayashi, E., Hoshino, S., Iwabuchi, M., Sugidachi, T., Shimizu, K., and Fujiwara, M.: Comparison of the GRUAN data products for Meisei RS-11G and Vaisala RS92-SGP radiosondes at Tateno (36.06° N, 140.13° E), Japan, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 3039-3065,, 2019.
  • Matthews 2019: Matthews, J.L.; Shi, L. Intercomparisons of Long-Term Atmospheric Temperature and Humidity Profile Retrievals. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 853,
  • Naakka 2019:  Naakka, T., Nygård, T., Tjernström, M.,Vihma, T., Pirazzini, R., and Brooks, I. M. (2019). The impact of radiosounding observations on numerical weather prediction analyses in the Arctic. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 8527–8535.

  • Rinke 2019: Rinke, A., Segger, B., Crewell, S., Maturilli, M., Naakka, T., Nygård, T., Vihma, T., Alshawaf, F., Dick, G., Wickert, J., and Keller, J. (2019). Trends of Vertically Integrated Water Vapor over the Arctic during 1979–2016: Consistent Moistening All Over?. Journal of Climate 32, 18, 6097-6116,

  • Schröder 2019: Schröder, M.; Lockhoff, M.; Shi, L.; August, T.; Bennartz, R.; Brogniez, H.; Calbet, X.; Fell, F.; Forsythe, J.; Gambacorta, A.; Ho, S.-P.; Kursinski, E.R.; Reale, A.; Trent, T.; Yang, Q. The GEWEX Water Vapor Assessment: Overview and Introduction to Results and Recommendations. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 251,
  • Sedlar 2019:  Sedlar, J., and Tjernström, M. (2019). A Process-Based Climatological Evaluation of AIRS Level 3 Tropospheric Thermodynamics over the High-Latitude Arctic. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 58, 1867 – 1886.

  • Sun 2019: Sun, B., T. Reale, S. Schroeder, M. Pettey, and R. Smith, 2019: On the Accuracy of Vaisala RS41 versus RS92 Upper-Air Temperature Observations. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 36, 635–653,
  • Trent 2019: Trent, T., Schröder, M., Remedios, J. (2019). GEWEX water vapor assessment: Validation of AIRS tropospheric humidity profiles with characterized radiosonde soundings. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124.
  • Weaver 2019: Weaver, D., Strong, K., Walker, K. A., Sioris, C., Schneider, M., McElroy, C. T., Vömel, H., Sommer, M., Weigel, K., Rozanov, A., Burrows, J. P., Read, W. G., Fishbein, E., and Stiller, G.: Comparison of ground-based and satellite measurements of water vapour vertical profiles over Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 4039-4063,


  • Bobryshev 2018: Bobryshev, O., S. A. Buehler, V. O. John, M. Brath, and H. Brogniez (2018), Is there really a closure gap between 183.31 GHz satellite passive microwave and in-situ radiosonde water vapor measurements?, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote, 56(5), 2904–2910, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2017.2786548.
  • Borger 2018: Borger, C., Schneider, M., Ertl, B., Hase, F., García, O. E., Sommer, M., Höpfner, M., Tjemkes, S. A., and Calbet, X.: Evaluation of MUSICA IASI tropospheric water vapour profiles using theoretical error assessments and comparisons to GRUAN Vaisala RS92 measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 4981–5006, 2018,  doi: 10.5194/amt-11-4981-2018
  • Brunamonti 2018: Brunamonti, S., Jorge, T., Oelsner, P., Hanumanthu, S., Singh, B. B., Kumar, K. R., Sonbawne, S., Meier, S., Singh, D., Wienhold, F. G., Luo, B. P., Boettcher, M., Poltera, Y., Jauhiainen, H., Kayastha, R., Karmacharya, J., Dirksen, R., Naja, M., Rex, M., Fadnavis, S., and Peter, T.: Balloon-borne measurements of temperature, water vapor, ozone and aerosol backscatter on the southern slopes of the Himalayas during StratoClim 2016–2017, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 15937-15957,, 2018.
  • Calbet 2018: Calbet, X., Peinado-Galan, N., DeSouza-Machado, S., Kursinski, E.R., Oria, P., Ward, D., Otarola, A., Rípodas, P. and Kivi, R. (2018) Can turbulence within the field of view cause significant biases in radiative transfer modeling at the 183 GHz band? Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6409–6417, 2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-6409-2018
  • Choi 2018: Choi, B. I., Lee, S.-W., Woo, S.-B., Kim, J. C., Kim, Y.-G., and Yang, S. G.: Evaluation of radiosonde humidity sensors at low temperature using ultralow-temperature humidity chamber, Adv. Sci. Res., 15, 207–212,, 2018.
  • de Podesta 2018: M. de Podesta, S. Bell, and R. Underwood, Air temperature sensors: dependence of radiative errors on sensor diameter in precision metrology and meteorology, Metrologia, 55(2), 229, doi:10.1088/1681-7575/aaaa52, 2018,
  • de Podesta 2018: M de Podesta, R Underwood, L Bevilacqua and S Bell, Air temperature measurement challenges in precision metrology, IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1065 (2018) 122027 IOP Publishing, doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1065/12/122027
  • Finazzi 2018: Finazzi F., Fassò A., Madonna F., Negri I., Sun B., and Rosoldi M.: Statistical harmonization and uncertainty assessment in the comparison of satellite and radiosonde climate variables, Environmetrics, On line first, 1-17, doi: 10.1002/env.2528
  • Gierens 2018: Gierens, K., Eleftheratos, K., and Sausen, R.: Intercalibration between HIRS/2 and HIRS/3 channel 12 based on physical considerations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 939–948, 2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-939-2018
  • Gilpin 2018: Gilpin, S., Rieckh, T., and Anthes, R.: Reducing representativeness and sampling errors in radio occultation–radiosonde comparisons, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 2567–2582, 2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-2567-2018
  • Gozlan 2018: Kobi Gozlan, Yuval Reuveni, Kfir Cohen, Boaz Ben-Moshe and Eyal Berliner (June 20th 2018). Cost-Effective Platforms for Near-Space Research and Experiments, Space Flight George Dekoulis, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72168. Available from:
  • Kremser 2018: Kremser, S., Tradowsky, J. S., Rust, H. W., and Bodeker, G. E.: Is it feasible to estimate radiosonde biases from interlaced measurements?, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 3021-3029, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-3021-2018, 2018.
  • Nalli 2018: Nalli, Nicholas; Gambacorta, Antonia; Liu, Quanhua; D. Barnet, Christopher; Tan, Changyi; Iturbide-Sanchez, Flavio; Reale, Tony; Sun, Bomin; Wilson, Michael; Borg, Lori; Morris, Vernon. (2017). Validation of Atmospheric Profile Retrievals From the SNPP NOAA-Unique Combined Atmospheric Processing System. Part 1: Temperature and Moisture. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. 56. 180-190. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2744558.
  • Philipona 2018: Philipona, R., Mears, C., Fujiwara, M., Jeannet, P., Thorne, P., Bodeker, G., et al. (2018). Radiosondes show that after decades of cooling, the lower stratosphere is now warming. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 12,509–12,522.
  • Pisoft 2018: Pisoft, P., Sacha, P., Miksovsky, J., Huszar, P., Scherllin-Pirscher, B., and Foelsche, U.: Revisiting internal gravity waves analysis  using GPS RO density profiles: comparison with temperature profiles and application for wave field stability study, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 515–527,  2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-515-2018
  • Rieckh 2018: Rieckh, T., Anthes, R., Randel, W., Ho, S-P., and Foelsche, U.: Evaluating tropospheric humidity from GPS radio occultation, radiosonde, and AIRS from high-resolution time series, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 3091-3109, 2018, doi: 10.5194/amt-11-3091-2018
  • Tradowsky 2018: Tradowsky, J. S., Bodeker, G. E., Querel, R. R., Builtjes, P. J. H., and Fischer, J.: Combining data from the distributed GRUAN site Lauder–Invercargill, New Zealand, to provide a site atmospheric state best estimate of temperature, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 2195-2211, doi: 10.5194/essd-10-2195-2018, 2018.
  • Vaquero-Martínez 2018: Vaquero-Martínez, J., Antón, M., Ortiz de Galisteo, J. P., Román, R., Cachorro, V. E., and Mateos, D.: Comparison of integrated water vapor from GNSS and radiosounding at four GRUAN stations, Science of the Total Environment, 648 (2019) 1639–1648, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.192.
  • Vérèmes 2018: Two-year operation of the lidar1200: from fine-scale tropospheric structures to lower stratospheric water vapor detection; Hélène Vérèmes, Guillaume Payen, Philippe Keckhut, Valentin Duflot, Jean-Luc Baray, Jean-Pierre Cammas, Jimmy Leclair de Bellevue, Françoise Posny, Stéphanie Evan, Jean-Marc Metzger, Nicolas Marquestaut, Franck Gabarrot, Susanne Meier, Holger Vömel and Ruud Dirksen; EPJ Web Conf., 176 (2018) 05015;


  • Calbet 2017: Calbet, X., Peinado-Galan, N., Rípodas, P., Trent, T., Dirksen, R., and Sommer, M.: Consistency between GRUAN sondes, LBLRTM and IASI, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2323-2335, doi: 10.5194/amt-10-2323-2017
  • Kawai 2017: Kawai, Y., Katsumata, M., Oshima, K., Hori, M. E., and Inoue, J.: Comparison of Vaisala radiosondes RS41 and RS92 launched over the oceans from the Arctic to the tropics, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2485-2498, doi: 10.5194/amt-10-2485-2017
  • Kayser 2017: Kayser, M. , Maturilli, M. , Graham, R. M. , Hudson, S. R. , Rinke, A. , Cohen, L. , Kim, J. H. , Park, S. J. , Moon, W. and Granskog, M. A. (2017): Vertical thermodynamic structure of the troposphere during the Norwegian young sea ICE expedition , Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres . doi: 10.1002/2016JD026089
  • Pincus 2017: Pincus, R., Beljaars, A., Buehler, S. A., Kirchengast, G., Ladstaedter, F., and Whitaker, J. S.: The Representation of Tropospheric Water Vapor Over Low-Latitude Oceans in (Re-)analysis: Errors, Impacts, and the Ability to Exploit Current and Prospective Observations, Surv Geophys (2017) 38:1399–1423, doi: 10.1007/s10712-017-9437-z
  • Sun 2017: B. Sun, A. Reale, F. H. Tilley, M. E. Pettey, N. R. Nalli and C. D. Barnet, "Assessment of NUCAPS S-NPP CrIS/ATMS Sounding Products Using Reference and Conventional Radiosonde Observations," in IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 2499-2509, June 2017., doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2670504
  • von Rohden 2017: von Rohden, C., Naebert, T., Sommer, M., et al. (2017). Temperaturmessung in der Atmosphäre mit Radiosonden. tm - Technisches Messen, 84(12), pp. 804-813, from doi:10.1515/teme-2017-0074
  • Weatherhead 2017: Weatherhead, E.C., G.E. Bodeker, A. Fassò, K. Chang, J.K. Lazo, C.T. Clack, D.F. Hurst, B. Hassler, J.M. English, and S. Yorgun, 2017: Spatial Coverage of Monitoring Networks: A Climate Observing System Simulation Experiment. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 56, 3211–3228, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0040.1
  • Weaver 2017: Weaver, D., Strong, K., Schneider, M., Row, P. M., Sioris, C., Walker, K. A., Mariani, Z., Uttal, T., McElroy, C. T., Vömel, H., Spassiani, A., and Drummond, J. R.: Intercomparison of atmospheric water vapour measurements at a Canadian High Arctic site, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2851–2880, 2017, doi: 10.5194/amt-10-2851-2017


  • Bodeker 2016: G. E. Bodeker, S. Bojinski, D. Cimini, R. J. Dirksen, M. Haeffelin, J. W. Hannigan, D. F. Hurst, T. Leblanc, F. Madonna, M. Maturilli, A. C. Mikalsen, R. Philipona, T. Reale, D. J. Seidel, D. G. H. Tan, P. W. Thorne, H. Vömel, and J. Wang: Reference Upper-Air Observations for Climate: From Concept to Reality. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 123–135; doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00072.1
  • Brogniez 2016: Brogniez, H., R. Fallourd, C. Mallet, R. Sivira, and C. Dufour, 2016: Estimating Confidence Intervals around Relative Humidity Profiles from Satellite Observations: Application to the SAPHIR Sounder. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 33, 1005–1022,
  • Ghysels 2016:Ghysels, M., Riviere, E. D., Khaykin, S., Stoeffler, C., Amarouche, N., Pommereau, J.-P., Held, G., and Durry, G.: Intercomparison of in situ water vapor balloon-borne measurements from Pico-SDLA H2O and FLASH-B in the tropical UTLS, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 1207-1219,, 2016.
  • Hall 2016: Hall, E. G., Jordan, A. F., Hurst, D. F., Oltmans, S. J., Vömel, H., Kühnreich, B., and Ebert, V.: Advancements, measurement uncertainties, and recent comparisons of the NOAA frost point hygrometer, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4295-4310, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4295-2016
  • Hurst 2016: Hurst, D. F., Read, W. G., Vömel, H., Selkirk, H. B., Rosenlof, K. H., Davis, S. M., Hall, E. G., Jordan, A. F., and Oltmans, S. J.: Recent divergences in stratospheric water vapor measurements by frost point hygrometers and the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4447-4457, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4447-2016
  • Jensen 2016: Jensen, M. P., Holdridge, D. J., Survo, P., Lehtinen, R., Baxter, S., Toto, T., and Johnson, K. L.: Comparison of Vaisala radiosondes RS41 and RS92 at the ARM Southern Great Plains site, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 3115-3129, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3115-2016
  • Kräuchi 2016: Kräuchi, A., Philipona, R., Romanens, G., Hurst, D. F., Hall, E. G., and Jordan, A. F.: Controlled weather balloon ascents and descents for atmospheric research and climate monitoring, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 929-938, doi:10.5194/amt-9-929-2016
  • Kräuchi 2016: Kräuchi, A. and Philipona, R.: Return glider radiosonde for in situ upper-air research measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 2535-2544,, 2016.
  • Kuik 2016: Kuik, F., Lauer, A., Churkina, G., Denier van der Gon, H. A. C., Fenner, D., Mar, K. A., and Butler, T. M.: Air quality modelling in the Berlin–Brandenburg region using WRF-Chem v3.7.1: sensitivity to resolution of model grid and input data, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 4339–4363, 2016, doi: 10.5194/gmd-9-4339-2016
  • Leblanc 2016: Leblanc, T., Sica, R. J., van Gijsel, J. A. E., Godin-Beekmann, S., Haefele, A., Trickl, T., Payen, G., and Gabarrot, F.: Proposed standardized definitions for vertical resolution and uncertainty in the NDACC lidar ozone and temperature algorithms – Part 1: Vertical resolution, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4029-4049,
  • Leblanc 2016: Leblanc, T., Sica, R. J., van Gijsel, J. A. E., Godin-Beekmann, S., Haefele, A., Trickl, T., Payen, G., and Liberti, G.: Proposed standardized definitions for vertical resolution and uncertainty in the NDACC lidar ozone and temperature algorithms – Part 2: Ozone DIAL uncertainty budget, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4051-4078,
  • Leblanc 2016: Leblanc, T., Sica, R. J., van Gijsel, J. A. E., Haefele, A., Payen, G., and Liberti, G.: Proposed standardized definitions for vertical resolution and uncertainty in the NDACC lidar ozone and temperature algorithms – Part 3: Temperature uncertainty budget, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 4079-4101,
  • Lee 2016: Lee, S. , Kim, J. C., Choi, B. I., Woo, S. , So, J. W., Yang, S. G. and Kim, Y. (2016), Development of a double cap on the humidity sensor in radiosondes for improving ventilation. Met. Apps, 23: 35-39. doi:10.1002/met.1517
  • Maturilli 2016: Maturilli, M. & Kayser, M.: Arctic warming, moisture increase and circulation changes observed in the Ny-Ålesund homogenized radiosonde record, Theor Appl Climatol (2016), doi:10.1007/s00704-016-1864-0
  • Maturilli 2016:Maturilli, M. and Ritter, C.: Surface radiation during the total solar eclipse over Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, on 20 March 2015, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 159-164,
  • Nalli 2016: Nalli, N.R., C.D. Barnet, T. Reale, Q. Liu, V.R. Morris, J.R. Spackman, E. Joseph, C. Tan, B. Sun, F. Tilley, L.R. Leung, and D. Wolfe, 2016: Satellite Sounder Observations of Contrasting Tropospheric Moisture Transport Regimes: Saharan Air Layers, Hadley Cells, and Atmospheric Rivers. J. Hydrometeor., 17, 2997–3006,
  • Ning 2016: Ning, T., Wang, J., Elgered, G., Dick, G., Wickert, J., Bradke, M., Sommer, M., Querel, R., and Smale, D.: The uncertainty of the atmospheric integrated water vapour estimated from GNSS observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 79-92, doi:10.5194/amt-9-79-2016
  • Noh 2016: Noh, Y.-C.; Sohn, B.-J.; Kim, Y.; Joo, S.; Bell, W. Evaluation of Temperature and Humidity Profiles of Unified Model and ECMWF Analyses Using GRUAN Radiosonde Observations. Atmosphere2016, 7, 94, doi: 10.3390/atmos7070094
  • Tradowsky 2016: Tradowsky, J. and Greg Bodeker; Peter Thorne; Fabien Carminati; William Bell; GRUAN in the service of GSICS: Using reference groundbased profile measurements to provide traceable radiance calibration for spacebased radiometers, GSICS Quarterly Newsletter, 10(2), doi:10.7289/V5GT5K7S
  • Trickl 2016: Trickl, T., Vogelmann, H., Fix, A., Schäfler, A., Wirth, M., Calpini, B., Levrat, G., Romanens, G., Apituley, A., Wilson, K. M., Begbie, R., Reichardt, J., Vömel, H., and Sprenger, M.: How stratospheric are deep stratospheric intrusions? LUAMI 2008, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 8791-8815,, 2016.
  • Vömel 2016: Vömel, H., Naebert, T., Dirksen, R., and Sommer, M.: An update on the uncertainties of water vapor measurements using cryogenic frost point hygrometers, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 3755-3768, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3755-2016


  • Antón 2015:Antón, M., Loyola, D., Román, R., and Vömel, H.: Validation of GOME-2/MetOp-A total water vapour column using reference radiosonde data from the GRUAN network, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 1135-1145, doi: 10.5194/amt-8-1135-2015
  • Bodeker 2015: Bodeker, G. E. and Kremser, S. (2015): Techniques for analyses of trends in GRUAN data, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 7, 11957-11989, doi:10.5194/amt-8-1673-2015
  • Brogniez 2015:Brogniez, H., G. Clain, and R. Roca, 2015: Validation of Upper-Tropospheric Humidity from SAPHIR on board Megha-Tropiques Using Tropical Soundings.J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol.,54, 896–908,
  • Butterfield 2015: Butterfield, D. and Gardiner, T. (2015): Determining the temporal variability in atmospheric temperature profiles measured using radiosondes and assessment of correction factors for different launch schedules, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 463-470, doi:10.5194/amt-8-463-2015
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