Laboratory characterisations and intercomparison sounding test of dual thermistor radiosondes for radiation correction



Lee, S.-W., Kim, S., Lee, Y.-S., Yoo, J.-K., Lee, S., Kwon, S., Choi, B. I., So, J., and Kim, Y.-G.



by Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT) at 2021-11-28 in review



 A dual thermistor radiosonde (DTR) comprising two (white and black) sensors with different emissivities was developed to correct the effects of solar radiation on temperature sensors based on in-situ radiation measurements. Herein, the DTR performance is characterised in terms of the uncertainty via a series of ground-based facilities and an intercomparison sounding test. The DTR characterisation procedure using laboratory facilities is as follows: individually calibrate the temperature of the thermistors in a climate chamber; test the effect of temperature on the resistance reading using radiosonde boards in the climate chamber; individually perform radiation tests on thermistors; and perform parameterisation of the radiation measurement and correction formulas using an upper air simulator with varying temperature, pressure and ventilation speed. These results are combined and applied to the DTR sounding test conducted in July, 2021. Thereafter, the effective irradiance is measured using the temperature difference between the white and black sensors of the DTR. The measured irradiance is then used for the radiation correction of the DTR white sensor. The radiation-corrected temperature of the DTR is mostly consistent with that of a commercial radiosonde (Vaisala, RS41) within the expanded uncertainty (~0.35 ℃) of the DTR at the coverage factor k = 2. Furthermore, the components contributing to the uncertainty of the radiation measurement and correction are analysed. The DTR methodology can improve the accuracy of temperature measurement in the upper air within the framework of the traceability to the International System of Units.




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